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One of the key trade corridor initiatives that Transportation Policy and Service Development focuses on is the Mid-Continental Trade Corridor.
Manitoba’s position at the heart of North America makes it a key part of the Mid-Continent Trade Corridor, connecting Canada to a central North American market of 100 million people.
Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ)
On October 8th, 2009, The Honourable Stockwell Day, Minister of International Trade and Minister for the Asia-Pacific Gateway, and Gary Doer, Manitoba Premier, announced an additional $3.5 million in federal funding for the creation of a single-desk marketing window for the new FTZ. Diane Gray, CEO of CentrePort Canada, announced the dollars as necessary to educate the global business…
On October 8th, 2009, The Honourable Stockwell Day, Minister of International Trade and Minister for the Asia-Pacific Gateway, and Gary Doer, Manitoba Premier, announced an additional $3.5 million in federal funding for the creation of a single-desk marketing window for the new FTZ. Diane Gray, CEO of CentrePort Canada, announced the dollars as necessary to educate the global business community to the advantages the FTZ will provide international markets interested or currently dealing in the Canadian market.
CentrePort Canada is the only inland port in Canada offering business single-window access to Foreign Trade Zone benefits. FTZ programs can be advantageous in helping companies manage imported inventories by offering immediate cash-flow benefits. FTZ programs include: Duty deferral – duties are waived up front or rebated later. Sales tax relief – exemption from federal and provincial sales taxes. Customs bonded warehouse – sales tax and duty-free storage/distribution facilities.
Foreign trade zones (FTZ) or export processing zones (EPZ) are designated regions within a country where trade barriers such as tariffs are reduced or eliminated, and bureaucratic requirements are lowered for the purpose of attracting foreign investments and international business. Canada’s foreign trade zone will allow companies to defer duty and GST payments on imported goods that are not sold into the domestic market, but are instead warehoused or distributed at a later date to the international market as part of a value-added product or a non-processed product. A letter to the Canadian Government from the Canadian Airport Council, Canadian Manufacturers & Exporters and Canadian Chamber of Commerce. Read PDF
GANDER: STRATEGICALLY LOCATED FTZ AND DISTRIBUTION POINT
Gander has many business and geographic advantages. The community is strategically situated between Europe and North America along the major connecting air route. New Canadian FTZ regulations have streamlined operations at Gander, making it easier and more cost-efficient than operating within a U.S. FTZ. Existing air cargo carriers at the site provide it with international connections and cargo. Custom sized lots and Newfoundland’s highly skilled workforce are available at competitive rates. For European companies exporting to NAFTA, Gander is the best value distribution centre. www.ganderairport.com/tradezone.htm
Download a copy of the Free Trade Zones booklet here:
For more information on Foreign Trade Zones, please read the following:
What is a Foreign Trade Zone?
Foreign Trade Zones (FTZs) were created in the United States to provide special customs procedures to U.S. plants engaged in international trade-related activities. Duty-free treatment is accorded items that are processed in FTZs and then reexported, and duty payment is deferred on items until they are brought out of the FTZ for sale in the U.S. market. This helps to offset customs advantages available to overseas producers who compete with domestic industry. The Foreign-Trade Zones (FTZ) Board (composed of representatives from the U.S. Departments of Commerce and Treasury) has its operational staff in the International Trade Administration’s Import Administration.
Considerations for Using a Foreign Trade Zone
Imported merchandise is to be stored for an uncertain or prolonged period of time, destined for various locations and may be exhibited for potential buyers:
• Cash flow and interest expense savings.
• Sufficient quantity of merchandise available for market and potential buyers to examine in U.S.
• Current examples in zones include autos, electronic products, plastic bags, semi-precious stones, aircraft engines, trucks, wall covering material, heavy machinery, food additives, Christmas tree lights, motorcycles and related parts, etc.
Imported merchandise is subject to a U.S. Quota restriction:
• Many U.S. quota restrictions do not apply to merchandise entered into a zone though quotas do apply to merchandise leaving a zone to enter U.S. Customs territory.
• Parts subject to a quota may be manipulated or processed in such a manner as to create a product not subject to a quota.
• Special regulations on textiles, apparel, and steel.
• Examples in zones include electronics.
Imported merchandise is to be inspected, repaired, destroyed, repackaged and marked or relabeled before entering the U.S. marker:
• Inspection, repair or destruction of merchandise prior to payment of customs duty.
• Repackaging from heavy ocean master cartons into attractive, smaller, lighter weight packaging specially designed for the U.S. marketplace and creates substantial transportation savings.
• Marking and labeling requirements vary for each country and change frequently. Errors in invoicing are not unusual. Care can be taken to insure importation of properly marked, labeled, and invoiced merchandise.
• Examples in zones include electronic components, dinnerware and glassware, miscellaneous consumer goods, automotive parts, furniture, cosmetics, watches and apparel.
Assembly, manipulation, processing or manufacturing of a product using imported and domestic parts:
• Unique advantage of choosing classification of parts or finished product for Customs duty purposes.
• Customs duty paid only on value of foreign non-duty paid components.
• Potential qualifications for ‘Assembled’ or ‘Made’ in USA label.
• Examples in zones include pharmaceuticals, oil refining, automobiles, etc.
How can companies benefit from using FTZs?
FTZs are considered to be outside of U.S. Customs Territory for the purpose of customs duty payment. Therefore, goods entering FTZs are not subject to customs tariffs until the goods leave the zone and are formally entered into U.S. Customs Territory. Merchandise that is shipped to foreign countries from FTZs is exempt from duty payments. This provision is especially useful to firms that import components in order to manufacture finished products for export.
There is no time limit on goods stored inside a FTZ and certain foreign and domestic merchandise held in FTZs may be exempted from state and local inventory taxes. This allows firms to minimize their costs while their products are waiting to be shipped. In addition, quota restrictions are in some cases waived for items entering an FTZ; however, the restrictions would apply if the items were to enter the U.S. market.
A variety of activities can be conducted in a zone, including assembling, packaging, destroying, storing, cleaning, exhibiting, re-packing, distributing, sorting, grading, testing, labeling, repairing, combining with foreign or domestic content, or processing. Manufacturing and processing require specific FTZ Board approval, however.
Merchandise may be held in a Foreign Trade Zone without customs duty payment. Customs duties are paid only when merchandise is withdrawn from the FTZ, resulting in cash conservation.
Goods imported and stored in a Foreign Trade Zone may be re-exported without incurring customs duties. Time consuming and expensive duty drawback filings are avoided. Customers pay the rate on either component material or finished material, whichever is lower. Products can be assembled or manufactured duty-free.
Inventory Tax Exemption
By federal statute, tangible personal property imported from outside the U.S. and held in our FTZ is not subject to state and local ad valorem taxes. State and county tax authorities exempt all merchandise in a FTZ from inventory taxation.